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1990s: Revolutionary products


Timeline: 1990-1999


As computing power and expertise grew, Schlumberger was able to launch several revolutionary products. The FMI Fullbore Formation MicroImager now enabled seemingly photographic images of the borehole to be made, while the MDT Modular Formation Dynamics Tester provided improved methods of measuring reservoir pressure and collecting fluid samples.

The new Platform Express wireline service introduced a much faster and more cost-effective way of achieving the same results as the triple-combo logging system, speeding up rig-up, logging, calibration and processing.

The launch of the third-generation nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) tool in 1995 refined reservoir evaluation still further, facilitating the identification of thin, permeable or water-free productive zones. Sonic imaging also developed to the extent that Schlumberger completed its first commercial job using the technology in 1996.

At the start of the decade, geosteering was used for the first time in horizontal wells, using logging data acquired while drilling a borehole to adjust the path of the drill to keep it within the producible hydrocarbon deposit.

A spate of acquisitions helped the company grow and diversify its activities. PRAKLA-SEISMOS, GeoQuest Systems, Oilphase and Camco International were some of the companies that became part of Schlumberger. Strategic collaborations were also forged, such as the Omnes communications and info tech joint venture with Cable and Wireless, and the M-I L.L.C drilling fluids company in a venture with Smith International.

In 1995, Schlumberger launched Integrated Project Management (IPM) which today continues to provide the expertise and processes required to improve performance and increase efficiency by integrating all the oilfield services and technologies needed by a project.

Once again, Schlumberger was able to support pioneering science, by providing logging services to the German Continental Deep Drilling Program, or KTB, examining various geological processes. This illustration of the continuing close ties between the company and the wider scientific community would have pleased Henri Doll, who died in Paris on July 25, 1991, shortly before his 90th birthday. He is buried, as he wished, next to his mentor, Conrad Schlumberger, in a small cemetery at the Schlumberger family estate in Normandy, France.

1990

  • Modular Formation Dynamics Tester commercialized with Optical Fluid Analyzer tool
  • Array Induction Imager tool becomes the first to use mathematical inversion techniques to create images of electrical resistivity around the borehole

1991

  • Acquires PRAKLA-SEISMOS
  • Henri-Georges Doll dies in Paris, shortly before his 90th birthday
  • Uses geosteering for the first time to plan the drilling path in horizontal wells
  • Introduces the MDT Modular Formation Dynamics Tester and the FMI Formation MicroImager tool

1992

  • Combinable Magnetic Resonance Tool introduced
  • Acquires GeoQuest Systems, Inc.
  • Converts SINet to TCP/IP and world wide web capability

1993

  • Creates GeoQuest product line by merging Schlumberger Data Services, Finder Graphics, and GeoQuest Systems, Inc.
  • Launches IDEAL concept (Integrated Drilling Evaluation and Logging System) and ran first compressional sonic logs while drilling
  • Schlumberger opens Sugar Land campus outside Houston

1994

  • Introduces Oil Partnering Network (OpNet) in the North Sea to facilitate collaboration within the oil sector

1995

  • Acquires Intera Technologies Corp petroleum division, AEG meter, and ECLIPSE reservoir study team and reservoir technologies
  • Launches Integrated Project Management (IPM) as an independent service and engineering group
  • Creates Omnes joint venture between Schlumberger and Cable & Wireless plc
  • Introduces Platform Express technology, SIMPLER advanced land rig concept, ARC5 LWD tools, and MAXIS Express logging unit
  • Commercializes CMR Combinable Magnetic Resonance tool

1996

  • Conceives real-time reservoir management for improving hydrocarbons recovery and providing high-end IT solutions to industry
  • Acquires Oilphase reservoir sampling and analysis company
  • Completes first commercial sonic imaging job

1997

  • Introduces ClearFRAC non-polymer, damage-free fracturing fluid

1998

  • Reorganizes Schlumberger product lines into geographical based business groups later named GeoMarkets
  • Completion, at Wytch Farm, UK, of the world’s first extended reach well with a departure of 10 km
  • Acquires Camco International, a US completion products company
  • Introduces PS PLATFORM fifth-generation production logging tool and HRLA High Resolution Laterolog Array
  • SEED (Schlumberger Excellence in Educational Development) established as a global non-profit educational outreach organization
  • Celebrates the 50th anniversary of its Schlumberger-Doll Research Center in Ridgefield, Connecticut

1999

  • Enters joint venture with Smith International, creating the world's largest drilling fluids company, M-I L.L.C (60% Smith International, 40% Schlumberger)
  • Opens Schlumberger Stavanger Research Center in Norway, focusing on seismic image analysis and interpretation research
  • Deploys Houston remote connectivity teleport

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1990s
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