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Technical Paper: From Issues to Solutions — Introducing the Multi Function Logging While Drilling Tool for Reservoir Characterization in the Greater Burgan Field of Kuwait Oil Company

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 126044
Presentation Date: 2009
 Download: From Issues to Solutions—Introducing the Multi Function Logging While Drilling Tool for Reservoir Characterization (3.51 MB PDF) Login | Register

 

Abstract

The Greater Burgan Field consists of three sub fields (Ahmadi, Burgan and Magwa). Drilling commenced in this field in 1938 and it went on stream in 1946. Most of the production comes from a giant oil reservoir in a siliciclastics depositional environment. This giant oil reservoir has intercalating sand shale sequence with the upper part having mixed lithology. Coexisting together are argillaceous glauconitic sandstones, calcite, dolomite and anhydrite with pyrite and siderite.

With increasing demand of oil in the world, it has become necessary to improve oil production. As a result, the various field development assets of Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) are tasked to increase the number of horizontal wells in order to access thin reservoirs in the field. This has prompted these teams to increasingly rely on Logging While Drilling (LWD) services as well as improved geosteering practices in order to efficiently access the untapped energy resources buried several thousand feet below the earth's surface.

Evaluating these wells becomes an issue especially if the wells are drilled in areas that might add to the reserves of the asset. Resistivity anisotropy is a major issue, especially if it occurs with influence of other bed boundary effects like resistivity of adjacent beds or polarization horn effects. Water coning issues in the field makes it even worse to interpret the resistivity data as they become spiky. Complexity of the resistivity signature in a mixed lithology environment makes petrophysical evaluation difficult.

With the recent introduction of the Multi-Function LWD tool where most of the basic measurements are collocated in one LWD collar, it is now possible to make measurements with similar environmental influence prior to significant invasion of the formation. In addition, the introduction of capture gamma ray spectroscopy and formation sigma in real time has improved the petrophysical evaluation of this complex resistivity environment with mixed lithology in wells that are difficult or even costly to consider wireline logging.

This paper aims at highlighting horizontal well drilling issues occasionally encountered in the Greater Burgan Field and the recent introduction of the Multi-Function LWD service to help address these formation evaluation issues.

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