Schlumberger

Technical Paper: Increased certainty in the determination of zonal isolation through the integration of annulus geometry imaging and improved solid-fluid discrimination

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 120061
Presentation Date: 2009
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Abstract

The zonal isolation behind casing was critical during a major field development project in the Middle East. However, the assessment whether the cement bond will hold against hydraulic communication or not has not always been an easy task; slurry contamination during pumping, slurry invasion by formation hydrocarbons especially gas, channeling through the cement sheath, patchy cement, annulus shape and casing excentralization inside the outer wellbore are all factors that have traditionally made it difficult and sometimes even impossible to judge the zonal isolation behind casing between various zones of the reservoir.

A new approach was adopted for the assessment of the cement bond behind casing in this project. The technique combines the conventional “pulse – echo” ultrasonic measurement with that of a newly introduced flexural waveform. The analysis from this combination allows a better discrimination between solid, liquid and gas behind casing and it also provides, for the first time, a comprehensive assessment of the annulus shape and casing centralization inside open hole or inside the second casing string. This latter casing stand-off measurement has proven to be instrumental when deciding whether the cement sheath will hold against hydraulic communication or not. In this paper we will discuss the data that was acquired in four wells from this project. We aim at proving the clear benefit of this new approach for the assessment of zonal isolation behind casing.

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