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Technical Paper: Multidisciplinary Approach and Engineered Solution Sets New North Sea Performance Benchmarks

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 155475
Presentation Date: 2012
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Abstract

To efficiently develop reserves in the Norwegian North Sea, the operator must drill a challenging 12 1/4-in directional borehole through a Chalk formation with high stick-slip potential.  In Gaupe North, a negative vertical section was required in the initial kickoff to properly line up the well path before entering the reservoir target. The reservoir is comprised of channel/sheet sandstones interbedded with shale sequences with different pressure regimes and nearby reservoir depletion issues. The 8 1/2-in wellbore must penetrate an unstable organic shale just above the reservoir, infamous for causing hole stability problems and stuck pipe events. The regulatory agency requires this shale to be drilled in an 8 1/2-in section, requiring long exposure time, which increases risk for hole problems when running the production liner. The objective was to efficiently drill these trouble-zones and deliver two horizontal producers in a cost effective manner using an integrated engineering solution.

To achieve the objective, a sophisticated multidisciplinary approach was employed including: bit/BHA offset analysis to reduce stick-slip in the chalk; BHA/RSS and drilling fluids modeling/planning; and drilling parameter plots to identify optimum RPM/WOB. Also, a real-time parameter analysis system was deployed to optimize ROP without compromising hole cleaning or well integrity.

The synergy provided by a fully integrated service provider increased drilling performance and was a major contributor to the success of the Gaupe wells performance. Well 6/3-A-1H broke the previous Rushmore index for subsea development wells in the region and set a Norwegian record for wells in this class. Both wells (15/12-E-1H & 6/3-A-1H) achieved positive P10 curves and saved a total of 18 days vs AFE. Compared to an analogous UK North Sea field, significant increases in ROP were achieved resulting in the wells being drilled 20+ days faster than benchmark. The average increases in ROP for the two Gaupe wells were approximately 146%, 47% and 148% in the 17 1/2-in, 12 1/4-in, and 8 1/2-in sections respectively.

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