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Technical Paper: A Novel Stimulation Technique for Horizontal Openhole Wells in Carbonate Reservoir: A Case Study in Kuwait

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 105127
Presentation Date: 2007
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Abstract

Effective matrix acidizing in Kuwait's horizontal openhole wells is a real challenge. Reservoir heterogeneity and the length of the horizontal wells make acid placement and diversion difficult, particularly in high water-cut wells in which bottom water has broken through high permeability streaks or natural fractures. Furthermore, acid penetration is limited by the large surface area of the horizontal wellbore and is exacerbated by the relatively small injection rate imposed by the use of coiled tubing. To make matters worse, formation damage in horizontal wells is usually deep due to long exposure times.

This paper discusses the application of a new viscoelastic surfactant-based, self-diverting acid system for stimulation of more than 20 horizontal openhole wells in carbonate reservoirs in Kuwait. The application also deployed a new non-particulate material that forms a highly viscous plug when it contacts water, and degrades when mixed with oil in the formation. The new fluid system is pumped prior to the acid treatment to effectively prevent the acid from stimulating high water saturation sections.

The field results show significant improvement on post stimulation production owing to effective diversion and water production control, compared with wells in which a conventional polymer diversion technique was used in the past with no consideration of high water cut cases. The new technique has been selected as the standard stimulation practice in most horizontal openhole carbonate wells in Kuwait.

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