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Technical Paper: Analysis of Reservoir Performance of the Messoyakha Gas Hydrate Reservoir

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 114375
Presentation Date: 2008
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Abstract

The Messoyakha Gas Field is located in Siberian permafrost. The field has been described as a free gas zone, overlaid by hydrate layer and underlain by an aquifer of unknown strength. The field was put on production in 1970 and has produced intermittently since then. Some characteristic observations were increase in average reservoir pressure during shut-in, perforation blocking due hydrate formation and no change in gas-water contact. It is believed the increase in reservoir pressure was caused by the hydrate layer dissociation, rather than aquifer influx. The objective of this study is to use numerical model to analyze the observed production data from the Messoyakha field. In this study, a range of single-well 2D cross-sectional models representative of Messoyakha have been developed using Tough + Hydrate reservoir simulator. The simulation results were analyzed and compared with various field observations. Further, we have done a parametric study of reservoir properties of hydrate capped gas reservoir. We have used Tough + Hydrate to simulate the observed gas production and reservoir pressure data at Messoyakha. We simulated various scenarios that help to explain the field behavior. We have evaluated the effect of various reservoir parameters on gas recovery from hydrates. Our work should be beneficial to others who are investigating how to produce gas from hydrate capped gas reservoir.We were able to generate results that are very similar to the reported flow rates and pressure behavior in Messoyakha Field. The value of absolute permeability in the hydrate layer and the lower free gas layer substantially affects the continued dissociation of hydrates during shut-down. We also modeled the formation of secondary hydrates near the wellbore that can cause the reduced gas flow rates. The important parameters affecting the gas production are the formation permeability in the gas layer, the effective gas vertical permeability in hydrate layer, the location of perforations, and gas hydrate saturation. We have described various scenarios which are beneficial as well as detrimental in producing gas from hydrate capped gas reservoirs. We have also listed various parameters that should be carefully measured for accurate modeling work.

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