Schlumberger

Capsule Gun Perforating Systems

Overview Library

High-performance small-diameter perforating gun systems for negotiating production tubing

Capsule guns—also called “capsule-charge guns”—are exposed gun systems, with the individual shaped charges sealed in pressure-tight protective capsules mounted on a carrier strip or links that are exposed to the well environment. Capsule guns are typically used in through-tubing perforation applications to reperforate and revive wells that have gone into a production decline. The small-diameter design of capsule guns can deliver superior performance compared with hollow carrier guns of the same diameter.

Both expendable and retrievable systems

The two types of capsule guns are expendable (the charges and mounting assembly are left as debris after firing) and retrievable (debris is left, but the mounting is recovered for use where debris is a concern). The latter design is also called semiexpendable. Some capsule gun systems have a selectivity option that allows shooting more than one zone per run. Deployment is on electric wireline cable, although some systems can also be run on slickline.

Designed as a system for performance and safety

Our capsule guns are developed through an extensive engineering and manufacturing program. They are holistically designed as a system, comprising the carrier strips or links, charges, and detonating cords, to provide maximum perforator performance. For example, because the capsule is exposed to the well environment, its rugged packaging is made to withstand continuous vibration and mechanical impact so that the charges can perform as designed. The entire capsule gun system is then manufactured following rigorous Schlumberger QA/QC standards. And because loaded capsule guns contain only secondary high explosives, they are reliably transported and handled following standard Schlumberger safety procedures.

PowerSpiral

The PowerSpiral retrievable perforating gun system for through-tubing wireline operations incorporates shock-absorbing material between the charges to attenuate shock waves during the detonation and significantly increase shot performance.

Enerjet

Enerjet high-performance exposed capsule gun systems for through-tubing operations are available in retrievable and expendable versions.

Pivot Gun

Pivot Gun gun systems fold the high-performance charges inside the gun during conveyance, and then pivot them into position for firing. This innovative design enables using large charges despite the small diameter of the gun to bring excellent performance to workover reperforating or shooting past deep formation damage.