4D Seismic

Overview Library

Determining changes in the reservoir over time

The time-lapse, or 4D, seismic method involves acquisition, processing, and interpretation of repeated seismic surveys over a producing hydrocarbon field. The objective is to determine the changes occurring in the reservoir as a result of hydrocarbon production or injection of water or gas into the reservoir by comparing the repeated datasets. A typical final processing product is a time-lapse difference dataset (i.e., the seismic data from Survey 1 is subtracted from the data from Survey 2). The difference should be close to zero, except where reservoir changes have occurred.

We offer a complete 4D solution, from feasibility studies to inversion and history matching, to the latest acquisition technology and global expertise.

Time-Lapse (4D) Marine Acquisition

4D Survey Planning and Design

4D feasibility studies and survey evaluation and design.

Time-Lapse Processing

A carefully designed time-lapse seismic processing flow can help compensate for variations in acquisition.

Time-Lapse 4D Analysis and Interpretation

Integrating 4D seismic into the reservoir model to monitor changes in the reservoir properties.

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