The key to unlocking the full potential of seismic data lies in the initial survey design. Through an understanding of the client's reservoir objectives, analysis of log and legacy seismic data, the Integrated Project Design (IPD) process analyses the feasibility and benefits of alternative seismic solutions and delivers to the client the optimum survey design.A key element of IPD is an evaluation of the subsequent data processing required to provide the necessary interpretation products for reservoir evaluation. The acquired dataset must not only provide for optimally sampled signals; it must also provide adequate sampling of the noise. If this is not the case, aliased energy will remain in the data, leading to loss of resolution and degradation of the final image.
A new breed of seismic surveys is being designed to meet specific reservoir objectives. In many cases these surveys are for 4D or reservoir management objectives. Whatever the objective, whether it be reservoir delineation, lithology discrimination, fluid contact movement, or others, modeling must be performed to demonstrate the ability of the new survey to meet these objectives.