ZONETROL XT Zonal Water Conformance System | Schlumberger

ZoneTROL XT

Zonal water conformance system

Lower permeability to water

The ZONETROL XT zonal water conformance system is a second-generation relative permeability modifier that is soluble in aqueous brine. Injection into the matrix causes adsorption of the polymer to the rock. The polymer adsorption lowers the permeability to water with little change in the permeability to oil while reducing clay sensitivity to cation exchange. This disproportionate permeability reduction (DPR) is what makes the ZONETROL XT system an effective relative permeability modifier.

The ZONETROL XT system is designed to treat oil/water reservoirs with multiple zones in which water is produced from distinct intervals. In a multizone treatment, the DPR features can be used to reduce water permeability in the water-producing layers and have minimal effect on the oil-producing layers. The ionic nature of the ZONETROL XT system enhances the adsorption characteristics and minimizes desorption during the production cycle in both sandstone and carbonate reservoirs, prolonging the effective life of the treatment.

Using the ZONETROL XT system, right, reduces permeability to water while maintaining permeability to oil.
Using the ZONETROL XT system (right) reduces permeability to water while maintaining permeability to oil.
As indicated in this graph, the ZONETROL XT system reduces the relative permeability of the reservoir to water by up to 75% with little if any change in the permeability of the reservoir to oil.
The ZONETROL XT system reduces the relative permeability of the reservoir to water by up to 75% with little (if any) change in the permeability of the reservoir to oil.

Effective in high temperatures

The ZONETROL XT system is proven effective in reservoirs with temperatures as high as 250 degF [121 degC] and permeability as high as 2,000 mD or as low as 10 mD. These properties are due to the low viscosity and molecular weight of the polymer.

The ZONETROL XT system is soluble in water or light brines and is generally used at concentrations of 0.16 to 0.5 wt% of the injected solution. For critical wells, a coreflood test can be used to determine the optimum concentration.

Oil/water reservoirs that are potential candidates for the ZONETROL XT system treatment will, in many cases, have multiple zones where

  • zones do not communicate with each other and where small, near-wellbore treatments can be effective in the absence of communication
  • one of the zones has high water cut exceeding 40%
  • one of the zones has economical, producible oil reserves justifying the cost of the treatment.

Fluid in the ZONETROL XT system has consistently outperformed similar systems from competitors and has been successfully used in Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico. Fluid in the ZONETROL XT system is a low-cost, low-risk solution to improving the economics of brownfields producing with high water cut.

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In this instance, the ZONETROL XT system increased the permeability to oil (Ko) by 48% while effectively reducing the permeability to water (Kw) by nearly 49%.
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