Product Sheet M-I-X II Ground Cellulose Plugging Agent
Used to bridge and seal permeable formations in water-, oil- or synthetic-based fluid systems.
M-I-X II plugging agent bridges and seals permeable formations in water-, oil-, or synthetic-basedd mud systems. Bridging and sealing permeable formations reduces the differential-pressure sticking tendencies that can cause high torque and drag or stuck pipe. The product is particularly useful for preventing differentially stuck pipe when drilling depleted zones where high differential pressures exist. For added flexibility, M-I-X II plugging agent is available in fine (original), medium, and coarse grades so that the optimal particle size can be selected to bridge the pores and pore throats of permeable formations. M-I-X II plugging agent additions have minimal effect on mud properties.
|Typical Physical Properties|
|Physical appearance||Tan to light-brown powder|
|Bulk density||22–32 lbm/ft3 [352–513 kg/m3]|
|Finer than 8 mesh, %
|Finer than 50 mesh, %
|Finer than 100 mesh, %
M-I-X II plugging agent is a superior bridging agent, field-proven to be highly effective when drilling high-permeability, high-porosity zones with high differential pressures. Each grind size has a specially selected particle size distribution optimized to seal a wide range of formations.
M-I-X II plugging agent is designed to bridge and seal permeable formations, reducing the possibility of stuck pipe, controlling lost circulation and providing filtration control. It is compatible with water-, oil-, and synthetic-basedd mud systems.
The recommended treatment is 5 to 10 lbm/bbl [14 to 29 kg/m3] to reduce differential sticking tendencies. After initial treatment, periodic treatments should be used to maintain the desired concentration. Significant quantities of the medium and coarse grades will be removed by fine-mesh shale shaker screens (100 mesh or finer).
Fine-grade M-I-X II plugging agent is recommended for most applications due to its special particle size distribution. Very high-permeability formations, such as fractured carbonates and conglomerate zones, can require the medium or coarse products.
For seepage losses, normal treatments are from 10 to 20 lbm/bbl [29 to 57 kg/m3]. Concentrations in the 20 to 35 lbm/bbl [57 to 100 kg/m3] range are recommended for more severe lost circulation. Pilot testing is recommended before adding high concentrations because the material absorbs a small quantity of liquid when added to the mud system.
M-I-X II plugging agent should be added to the mud system through a mixing hopper into a pit with good agitation, such as the suction pit. It is a one- sack product and does not require any additional additives. It is most effective when maintained at the desired concentration throughout the circulating system. However, treatment methods such as frequent periodic additions, sweeps, batch- or slug-treatments and pills have all been used successfully.
M-I-X II plugging agent is compatible with all mud systems and can be used in combination with other lost-circulation materials.
M-I-X II plugging agent residue can be partially removed using standard treatments such as hydrochloric acid or alkaline hypochlorite solutions. M-I-X II plugging agent is more than 55% acid soluble in 15% HCl at 212 degF [100 degC].
Bioassay information is available upon request. Handle as an industrial chemical, wearing protective equipment and observing the precautions described in the safety data sheet. Dust can form an explosive mixture in the air. Keep away from open flames or other sources of ignition.
MIX II plugging agent is packaged in 25-lbm [11.4-kg] multiwall paper sacks. Store in a dry, well-ventilated area. Keep container closed. Store away from incompatibles. Follow safe warehousing practices regarding palletizing, banding, shrink-wrapping, and stacking.