Product Sheet DUO-TEC Dispersible Nonclarified Xanthan Gum Viscosifier
Increase viscosity for cuttings transport and suspension.
DUO-TEC dispersible nonclarified xanthan gum viscosifier provides viscosity, including low-shear-rate viscosity, and weight-material suspension for all water-based drilling fluid systems.
DUO-TEC xanthan gum has the unique ability to produce a fluid that is highly shear-thinning and thixotropic.
|Typical Physical Properties|
|Physical appearance||Cream to tan powder|
|Bulk density||50 lbm/ft3 [800 kg/m3]|
The primary function of DUO-TEC xanthan gum is to increase viscosity for cuttings transport and suspension. DUO-TEC xanthan gum performs effectively in all water-based fluids, from highly weighted to low-solids systems. This includes freshwater, seawater, salt and heavy brine systems.
DUO-TEC xanthan gum works to provide an optimized rheological profile with elevated low-shear-rate viscosity and highly shear-thinning characteristics with low "n" values. These characteristics frequently result in fluids with inverted flow properties—i.e., the yield point being greater than the plastic viscosity. Shear-thinning fluids have low effective viscosities at the high shear rates encountered inside the drillstring and at the bit. This low effective viscosity for minimal pressure losses and standpipe pressures allows optimized hydraulics and maximized rates of penetration. Conversely, at the low shear rates experienced in the annulus, DUO-TEC xanthan gum enables the fluid to have a high effective viscosity for adequately cleaning the well and suspending cuttings.
DUO-TEC xanthan gum should be added slowly through the hopper to prevent lumping and minimize waste. It should be added at the rate of approximately one 25-lbm [11.3-kg] sack every 7 min. The time required for the product to yield its ultimate viscosity depends on salinity, temperature, and shear.
The amount of DUO-TEC xanthan gum required depends upon the desired viscosity. Normal concentrations range from 0.50 to 2.5 lbm/bbl [1.43 to 7.1 kg/m3] for most mud systems. Special fluids and difficult hole-cleaning conditions can require higher concentrations—up to 4.0 lbm/bbl [11.4 kg/m3]. The addition of salt, an antioxidant and thermal stabilizers improves temperature stability in DUO-TEC xanthan gum fluids from 250 to 280 degF [121 to 138 degC]. Specially formulated systems or pills have been used at temperatures up to 400 degF [204 degC]. DUO-TEC xanthan gum is subject to bacterial degradation, and treatments with a biocide are recommended to prevent fermentation.
Bioassay information is available upon request. Handle as an industrial chemical, wearing protective equipment and observing the precautions described in the safety data sheet.