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Case Study: Engineered OpenPath Reach Service Improves Production with 43% Less Acid, Kazakhstan

Single-phase acid system eliminates emulsions and enables rapid rate recovery and matrix treatment after third-party packer failure

Challenge:

  • Minimize acid volume for acid fracturing operation in high-temperature (138 degC [280 degF]) reservoir and eliminate poststimulation emulsions.
  • Stimulate the formation even if the third-party packer fails.

Solution: Deliver OpenPath Reach extended-contact stimulation service engineered with a new single-phase acid system optimized for formation fluids, reservoir rock, and downhole temperatures.

Result:

  • Reduced acid volume by 43%.
  • Increased production by 2.3 times, comparable with prior operations using almost twice as much acid.

Conventional acid creates emulsions

An operator in Kazakhstan has traditionally stimulated its carbonate wells by fracturing with an emulsified acid system. In some wells, the combination of the acid system with the oil, reservoir rock, and formation water created a stable emulsion. However, the high reservoir temperature required a retarded acid system, limiting the options.

In addition, the wells were completed with third-party packers that often failed during stimulation, resulting in a sudden drop in fluid rates and incomplete stimulation.

For a new well, the operator wanted an acid system that would not create emulsions and would stimulate beyond the near-wellbore area even if the packer failed. The operator also asked for a stimulation design that would use less fluid to expedite flowback, reduce operation time, and support environmental stewardship.

Single-phase acid system improves stability

Schlumberger proposed using OpenPath Reach service with a new retarded single-phase acid system. The single phase significantly improves operational processes such as mixing and quality control and stabilizes friction reduction and fluid properties as compared with emulsified and dual-phase acid systems.

Laboratory testing determined the system would not create posttreatment emulsions and would stimulate efficiently for acid fracturing or, in the case of a packer failure, as a matrix stimulation treatment because of its delayed reaction.

Furthermore, the engineering team determined they could design an effective stimulation operation with much less acid because of the efficiency of the new system.

Efficient design stimulates production with less acid

During the first operation with the new acid system, a third-party packer failed, and the engineering team had to reduce the pump rate and complete the job as a matrix treatment.

Before the treatment, the well was producing 12 m3/d [75 bbl/d], a rate comparable to offsets before stimulation. Two weeks after the treatment, the oil rate was 28 m3/d [176 bbl/d], comparable to a similar offset well treated with the conventional emulsified acid system—but with no sign of emulsions. In addition, the new well stimulation design used 43% less raw acid than the conventional design.

  Well Treated with OpenPath Reach Service Offset Well Treated with Conventional Emulsified Acid System
Formation net pay thickness, m [ft] ≈26 [85] ≈28 [92]
Oil rate before fracturing, m3/d [bbl/d] 12 [75] 13 [81]
Oil rate 2 weeks after fracturing, m3/d [bbl/d] 28 [176] 30 [188]
Volume of acid pumped (36% equivalent), m3 [galUS] 52 [13,736] 92 [24,303]

Download: Engineered OpenPath Reach Service Improves Production with 43% Less Acid, Kazakhstan (0.19 MB PDF)

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Engineered OpenPath Reach Service Improves Production with 43% Less Acid, Kazakhstan
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