Industry Article: Treatment options for reuse of frac flowback and produced water from shale

World Oil
Publication: World Oil
Issue: 2011
Publication Date: 07/01/2011

As shale gas exploration is steadily increasing in the United States and around the world, understanding the basic water treatment and management strategies is crucial to the success of unconventional shale gas production operations. Recycling and reuse of flowback and produced waters for drilling and fracturing jobs has many financial and environmental benefits. These include a reduction in the demand of fresh water sources, trucking and disposal volumes, CO2 footprint, and overall environmental impacts. In addition to the environmental benefits, when implemented properly, these strategies will lead to significant reductions in overall operational costs. Produced water is the only drought-resistant form of water available in the ecosystem. Management of this resource is crucial to operational and ecological sustainability.

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