Technical Paper: Geomechanics Characterization of the Clastics and Carbonates Formation of Southern Fields of Mexico (2005 - 2009)

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 153430
Presentation Date: 2012
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The geological structures to drill and reach the producing reservoir of the South region of Mexico are very complex. They can vary from deep fractured carbonates reservoir at more than 7000 m true vertical depth, anticline uplifted by salt or/and shale dome themselves inducing abnormal pressure up to 2.2 gr/cc of equivalent density in the overlying formation. The geological complexity of the south region is reflected also in its geo-pressures, geo-stresses and geomechanical properties.

Since early 2000 Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) has considered the Geomechanics discipline as a key component for their future economic success. With the urgent need to improve recovery, more complex wells are being drilled and PEMEX has taken the challenge to have geomechanics analysis for any well that will cost more than 10 Million of dollars. This strategy has been translated with training of key personnel, geomechanical core campaign and geomechanics studies included into their drilling program. Since 2006, more than fifty geomechanics studies (analytical and numerical) have been carried out in the south region of Mexico and have been incorporated to mitigate drilling risk and optimize well design. Velocity analysis, Geomechanics core test interpretation, caving interpretation, breakouts and induced fracture analysis from image logs, direct pressure measurements, leak off test and mini-frac interpretation are some of the different information used to calibrate the geomechanics studies.

This paper refers to the regional compilation, findings and results of the 50 geomechanics studies conducted in the different fields of the south region between 2006 and 2010 and its impact on the well design of exploratory and development locations. The paper presents to the industry, the methodology used for their construction, illustrated by the data used for their calibration and how they were successfully used for well design and real time decision with selected post mortem analysis for some well. Finally the results of the geomechanical studies (Strength, overpressure and stress anisotropy) have been mapped regionally to forecast the geomechanics behavior in the entire south region of Mexico to optimize the drilling of future well locations.

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