Technical Paper: Monitoring Horizontal Producers and Injectors During Cleanup and Production Using Fiber-Optic-Distributed Temperature Measurements

Society: SPE
Paper Number: 84379
Presentation Date: 2003
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This paper describes the application of fiber-optic-distributed temperature systems installed in several long horizontal open-hole completion intervals of production and injection wells in Oman.  We demonstrate how distributed temperature data, from both types of wells, was used to optimize completion procedures and improve knowledge of the reservoir and its performance. 

The Shuaiba reservoir produces 44° API oil from a low permeability micritic lime mudstone, typically 3 md.  Initially, gas injection in vertical wells was selected to enhance oil recovery, but producing wells commonly experienced gas breakthrough, gas flaring was undesirable, and surface-compression constraints were encountered.  For these reasons the operator decided to phase out gas injection and use line-drive water injection from horizontal wells.  Wells were drilled horizontally, with up to 5,000-ft open-hole completions, but varied in effectiveness.

Fiber-optic distributed temperature measurement systems were installed in a horizontal water injector and several horizontal oil producers during 2002 to monitor the long open-hole reservoir intervals during well startup, production, and injection.  Data from the fiber optic water injector showed that the intervals flooded slowly from the heel to the toe over a period of months, giving the operator improved knowledge of reservoir sweep from this type of completion.  The first oil producer exhibited slow cleanup from the heel, enabling a change in pre-production well stimulation procedures to improve cleanup.   

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