Technical Paper: Simultaneous Sources: The Inaugural Full-Field, Marine Seismic Case History from Australia

Society: Other
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Presentation Date: 2012


Simultaneous (blended) sources have attracted a great deal of attention recently because of their potential to increase significantly the rate at which seismic data can be acquired. The viability of the method was previously demonstrated through the use of small-scale tests on synthetic and field data. In this paper, we present a case history from Australia of the first field-development-scale use of this technology in the world.

Concept studies involving simulations of simultaneoussource data from conventional data indicated that the proposed survey design would yield data that were separable into components for each source. The resultant data set contains twice as many traces as its conventional equivalent, and provides improved sampling for important processing steps such as coherent noise attenuation.

Simultaneous-source acquisition requires quality control methods that are specific to the technique to ensure that the data are acquired as planned. New QC methods were developed specifically for this project, and showed that no problems related to the simultaneous-source technique were encountered.

Data processing involved source separation at an early stage, after which a conventional processing sequence could be used on the resultant, densely-sampled data set. Separation was performed using a sparse inversion technique, which proved very effective. Very little signal leakage was observed, and the interference was almost completely suppressed.

Through this case history, we demonstrate the viability of simultaneous sources as an effective marine seismic acquisition method.

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