Indirect Heating Systems
Heat transference from 50,000 to 50,000,000 Btu/h
Evenly heat process streams without direct flame contact.
The NATCO DUAL POLARITY electrostatic treater outperforms both mechanical and AC electrostatic treaters in upstream crude oil dehydration and desalting applications and as a first-step desalter in refining operations.
Using both AC and DC fields from a power unit that has become the benchmark for reliability in the industry, the NATCO DUAL POLARITY treater more efficiently coalesces water droplets, enabling it to run at higher throughputs than conventional electrostatic treaters. Other internal components, such as composite electrodes that resist solids loading and a high-flow distributor that improves vessel hydraulics, also support increased throughput while reducing maintenance and opex.
The NATCO DUAL POLARITY treater handles a wider range of inlet water cut and provides higher treating capacities at lower operating temperatures, reducing capex and opex.
The treater requires less washwater than an AC desalter because of improved mixing from electrophoretic movement of the water droplets in the electrostatic field. The treater can be delivered as a heater treater, providing heating and dehydration in a single vessel and eliminating the need for externally heated heat transfer fluid.
The optional load-responsive controller—the NATCO LRC-II smart interface—enhances emulsion resolution via voltage modulation, enabling operation at the optimal voltage for a variety of crude feedstocks while managing upsets more rapidly and effectively.
The NATCO DUAL POLARITY treater uses the extremely efficient HiFlo spreader to evenly distribute the incoming wet crude and create a uniform vertical flow upward through the treater. This method eliminates grid bypass and local recirculation areas.
The bulk water and larger water drops are coalesced and separated by gravity in the weaker AC field that exists between the grounded water phase and the electrodes. The stronger DC field between the electrodes causes rapid movement of the remaining small water droplets through electrophoretic attraction, causing the water droplets to collide, coalesce, and settle by gravity.
In desalter applications, washwater is added upstream of the mixing valve in the treater's inlet piping. Together with the electrophoretic movement of the water droplets, this provides a very high degree of mixing with the brine. Superior mixing and improved dehydration make the NATCO DUAL POLARITY treater much more effective than AC desalters of similar size.
Desalts and dehydrates crude with AC and DC fields for increased throughput.
Polymer flood using partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) has proven to be an effective method for increasing oil recovery. However, when HPAM breaks through the reservoir and shows up in produced fluids, it brings unique emulsion characteristics and challenges to the separation processes.
Heavy crude oils and diluted bitumen (dilbit) continue to be challenging to dehydrate for the oil and gas industry.
Mature crude oil fields often contain higher water cuts and higher content of fines. The combination of a large population of water droplets and fines produces very stable crude oil emulsions that are difficult to break.
Efficiency-optimizing upgrades that improve crude oil processing.