Many oil producing wells, globally, experience sand production problems when reservoir rock consists of unconsolidated sand. Several wells in the Dzheitune oil field are experiencing a similar challenge. Production of formation fines and sand has caused accumulation of fill and wellbore equipment failures and has necessitated periodical and costly coiled tubing-assisted wellbore cleanout operations. A novel chemical treatment tested in the oil field to tackle the challenge led to positive results.
A well with a relatively short target perforation interval was selected as a candidate for the trial sand conglomeration treatment to avoid any uncertainties related to zone coverage. Pre-requisite sand agglomeration and chemical-crude oil compatibility laboratory studies were carried out to optimize the main system and preflush fluid formulations. Once the laboratory testing was complete, a step-rate test was performed to determine the maximum injection rate below formation fracturing pressure. The chemical systems were prepared using standard blending equipment. The preflush fluid was injected to prepare the treated zone. The main fluid was then injected into the reservoir in several cycles at matrix rate by a bullheading process. Upon completion of the treatment, the well was shut in for several days for optimal agglomeration (conglomeration) before the well was slowly put on production.
A long-term increase in the productivity index and sand-free flow rate with no damage to the wellbore or the reservoir were observed. The technology demonstrated its efficiency in preventing and controlling sand production; avoiding frequent, time-consuming, costly wellbore cleanout operations; and producing hydrocarbons at reduced drawdown pressure.