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The Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (ICCS) project is administered by the US Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy. This commercial-scale project involves the capture and storage of more than 2.5 million metric tons of CO2 from Archer Daniels Midland Company’s (ADM’s) ethanol facility in Decatur, Illinois, over a period of three years.
ADM constructed and operates a collection, compression, and dehydration facility capable of delivering up to 2,755 metric tons of CO2 per day (more than 1 million metric tons annually) to the injection and sequestration site for storage approximately 7,000 ft underground in the Mount Simon Sandstone. SLB was responsible for seismic data collection and processing, geologic modeling, and reservoir simulation as well as for the design, construction, and characterization of a 3,500-ft-deep geophysical monitoring well, 7,000-ft-deep injection well, and 7,000-ft-deep monitoring well.
A five-zone intelligent completion was installed in the monitoring well and included
The completion in the injection well included
A multiwell acquisition unit and the WellWatcher Connect wellsite data transmission system were used to transmit data between the wellsite and ADM's office in town, as well as for remote control of the HPU to actuate the downhole FCVs.
The gauge measurements in the monitoring well provide valuable insight into the impact of injection on the various zones. Nitrogen is injected through the gas lift mandrel when required, to reduce the hydrostatic pressure in the wellbore, encouraging flow of formation fluids. The FCVs are then opened remotely, and samples of downhole fluids are collected to identify changes in reservoir conditions. An Optiq fiber-optic solution was deployed using two fiber-optic cables in both the injection and monitoring wells. In each case, one cable is used for DTS and the other for DAS. The distributed measurement data is used to monitor well injection performance and well integrity (mechanical integrity test or MIT) by detecting leaks. SLB geoscientists provide quality control and interpretation of temperature, pressure, acoustic log, and fluid sample data, followed by reservoir simulation and modeling.
Innovative completion design, meticulous planning and deployment, and close collaboration between ADM and SLB resulted in flawless and timely project execution with zero NPT. Remote surveillance and actuation of the FCVs as well as sample collection have been successfully implemented. Pleased with the efficient installation and the clear insight into CO2 injection operations resulting from the monitoring system design, ADM plans to use intelligent completions in a second carbon sequestration project.
Pioneering application of multizone intelligent completion and fiber-optic cables for distributed temperature sensing (DTS) and distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) in real time has enabled remote monitoring and control; it has also optimized injection and sequestration of >2.5 million metric tons of CO2 into the subsurface over a 3-year period.