Combine slimhole reservoir-mapping-while drilling with multilayer bed boundary detection service
The GeoSphere HD service in the 475 tool size makes ultradeep-reading EM propagation resistivity measurements possible in a slim hole. It uses a new high-power transmitter and higher-resolution deterministic inversion. Feasibility modelling illustrated that the GeoSphere HD 475 service alone can answer the larger scale questions, mapping the top and base contrasts of the Leman Sandstone Zone 5b gross package interval, but its vertical resolution was not designed to geosteer within such low contrast, thinly bedded intervals.
Schlumberger recommended that the PeriScope HD service combine with the GeoSphere HD service in the 475 tool size. Our teams illustrated how the high-resolution information derived from the PeriScope HD service can combine with the multiple investigation depths of the ultradeep-reading data from GeoSphere HD service. This unique tool integration would enable the resolution of all depths of detection required to successfully geosteer 6-in wellbores within the thin, low-contrast pay zones.
Achieved multiple bed boundary detection and target TST with a depth of detection up to 40 ft from wellbore
The first worldwide-combined run of the GeoSphere HD 475 and PeriScope HD services delivered a high resolution of precision information within the low resistivity contrast and thinly bedded environment of the Cygnus Field.
Multiple thin beds were resolved for the wellbore’s immediate surroundings using the one-receiver data from the GeoSphere HD and PeriScope HD services (Fig. 1A) , with a depth of detection of up to 25-ft TVD, and these bed boundaries being validated using the PeriScope HD inversion (Fig. 1B). In tandem, the two-receiver data from the GeoSphere HD and PeriScope HD services successfully resolved for the resistive boundaries at the top and the base of the Leman Sandstone Zone 5b, at a distance of up to 40-ft TVD from the wellbore, and continuously identified the gross package at ∼60-ft TST. These large-scale details are the first time this level of understanding has been achieved in the field.
Mapping the resistive base Permian unconformity was crucial for providing the the operator’s Neptune team with a superior understanding of its geometrical relationship. This led to the modification of their structural model in real time, and also enabled them to plan geosteering decisions ahead of time to maximize along-hole production from contributing intervals identified from offset wells. Mapping the uppermost resistive boundary of the Leman Sandstone Zone 5b made it possible to continuously define the wellbore’s true stratigraphic position. Together, these results not only delivered the geosteering capability within the challenging environment, but they also provided timely decision making, optimizing both the wellpath and associated access to the reserves in this area of the field. The unique pairing of this technology enabled the correct placement of the well within the most productive intervals and therefore avoided a potentially risky and costly fracture stimulation for Neptune.