CACT Saves USD 2.5 Million Drilling Extended-Reach Well

Published: 03/04/2011

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Develop thin-pay reservoir

CACT—a joint venture of the Chinese National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), Chevron, and Eni—was planning to drill an extended-reach exploration well from a platform in the South China Sea. The objective was to place a long lateral drain in a thin-pay reservoir in the southern compartment of a complex structure characterized by a three-way dip closure against down-to-the-north faults.

Since the only information available about the compartment was from a single control well, there were entry-point-depth, structural, stratigraphic, and survey uncertainties. Ideally, the drain would be at least 550 m long to explore the compartment’s northeast wing. However, the planned length was limited to 400 m due to expected high drilling torque at 7,750 m TD.

Detect distance to boundary

The CACT-Schlumberger team successfully landed the well 0.4 m below the top of the thin pay zone even though the zone was more than 10 m shallower than indicated by the initial model. Then the team placed a 570-m drain entirely within the pay zone. Landing of the well was guided by real-time images from the EcoScope service, and the drain was placed within 0.5 m of the top of the pay zone using a BHA that included a PeriScope mapper, an adnVISION475 tool, and a rotary steerable system.

Graph: CACT Saves USD 2.5 Million Drilling Extended-Reach Well - Precise placement of 570-m lateral using bed boundary mapper achieves 100% net-to-gross and oil production of 3,000 bbl/d with 0% water cut
EcoScope real-time images enabled the team to land the well smoothly 0.4 m below the top of the pay zone even though the zone was more than 10 m shallower than indicated on the initial model.
Graph: CACT Saves USD 2.5 Million Drilling Extended-Reach Well - Precise placement of 570-m lateral using bed boundary mapper achieves 100% net-to-gross and oil production of 3,000 bbl/d with 0% water cut
The team used the PeriScope mapper to successfully place the 570-m lateral drain in the top 0.5 m of the pay zone despite the actual structure profile differing widely from the initial model.

Even though the actual structure profile was found to differ widely from the initial model, the PeriScope mapper’s ability to simultaneously map the top and bottom pay zone boundaries enabled the team to accurately place the drain in the sweet spot. This was accomplished without exiting the reservoir, which would have reduced the drainage area and lowered the recovery factor. Accurate boundary mapping also helped the team avoid unnecessary lateral adjustments that might have exceeded the maximum drilling torque limit.

Optimize lateral placement

Accurate placement of the lateral drain made possible by the PeriScope mapper allowed the team to extend the lateral 170 m beyond the planned 400 m without exceeding the maximum drilling torque limit. This extension ensured optimum reserve recovery and permitted exploration of the northeast wing. Exploration revealed that the orientation of the boundary was coming from an azimuth opposite to what was indicated by the initial model. It also provided a better understanding of the structure profile of the southern compartment.

Excellent execution by the CACT-Schlumberger team, in combination with early planning and clear communication, saved approximately USD 2.5 million of the AFE. Net-to-gross in the 570-m lateral drain was 100%, and the 7,940-m extended-reach well produced 3,000 bbl/d of oil with no water cut—50% more than the expected production rate of 2,000 bbl/d of oil or equivalent.

“PeriScope mapping not only helped CACT in placing the trajectory in the best place for draining, but also proved to be valuable for minimizing drilling mechanics risks and drilling time.”

Location
China, Asia, Offshore
Details

Challenge: Drill 7,750-m extended-reach well from platform in South China Sea. Place lateral drain at least 400 m long in 0.5-m window at top of pay zone despite multiple subsurface uncertainties

Solution: Land well in pay zone using real-time images from EcoScope multifunction logging-while-drilling service. Guide lateral drain placement with PeriScope bed boundary mapper and adnVISION475 azimuthal density neutron tool

Results:

  • Saved approximately USD 2.5 million of AFE budget
  • Placed 570-m lateral drain within 0.5 m of top of pay zone without exiting reservoir
  • Achieved 100% net-to-gross
  • Produced oil at rate of 3,000 bbl/d with 0% water cut—50% more than the expected production rate
Products Used