Land the well at 90° inclination while overcoming lithological uncertainties
The Prinos North Field has been developed by Energean Oil & Gas PLC as a satellite field of the main Prinos Field since 1996. Prinos North Field is a four-way dip closed structure with hydrocarbons trapped in a Miocene turbiditic sandstone reservoir. It is separated from the main Prinos Field by a listric fault and it is located on the footwall side. Due to this fault, the geological formations of the footwall area, including the evaporitic sequence and the Prinos North structure, exhibit huge lateral thickness changes, missing stratigraphic sections, and pinchouts.
Due to these uncertainties, a detailed prejob analysis was performed to determine the landing and drilling strategy. Based on seismic data, the uncertainty in the position of the reservoir top was ±10 m. Additional geological uncertainties were represented by the presence of formation thickness changes and faulting.
To prepare for a worst-case scenario, Energean planned a tangent section that would enable the reservoir top to be reached as early as possible while still landing at 90° inclination, 7 m below the reservoir top using the maximum dogleg severity (DLS) limit allowed.
The well objective was to place the 7-in liner inside the caprock with a specific inclination. The inclination had to be precise enough to enable optimizing the landing and the drain inside the reservoir, penetrating the crest, keeping the trajectory above the depth restrictions of the offset wells, and providing adequate well length into the 6-in openhole section.
Determine landing strategy with the PeriScope HD service
The well plan involved drilling parallel to the structural dip. According to the plan, the geoVISION service was used in the 8.5-in section to warn the driller of lithological changes. At this time, the landing section of the caprock formation was found to be 12 m deeper than expected.
The PeriScope HD service inversion helped to estimate the formation dip of the caprock top, define the lower main salt thickness above the caprock, and determine the strategy for landing inside the reservoir. When there is no borehole image, the estimation of the formation dip is vital for the definition of the correct incident angle and a successful landing.