Large-particle composite pills temporarily block fractures
Schlumberger recommended a BroadBand Sequence service featuring an engineered composite pill comprising a proprietary blend of fibers and degradable diversion particles with tetramodal size distribution. For this well, the pill included particles larger than those used in conventional trimodal diverter systems. The particle combination is designed so that the large particles are intercepted at the entrance of a fracture, while smaller particles reduce permeability to improve isolation. The fibers reduce the likelihood of particle separation during pumping and enhance the bridging mechanism. As with conventional diversion technology, the pill degrades after the stimulation treatment, leaving no residue to hamper fracture conductivity.
High-pressure diversion proves 10 distinct stimulation stages
For the operator’s next well with a damaged casing, the patch restricted the activation balls for stages 36 through 45. The ball seats were milled out and each zone perforated using coiled tubing.
During the subsequent stimulation operation, 10 stages were successfully treated, with an average diversion pressure of 1,850 psi [12.8 MPa] for 100 lbm [45 kg] of particles and clearly increasing treating pressure on each successive stage. Diversion pressure response ranged from 7 to 181 psi/lbm [106 to 2,751 kPa/kg] of diverter pumped, with a maximum differential pressure of 4,800 psi [33 MPa].
To ensure technical efficiency, a high-pressure injector was used to pump the diverter as concentrated pills without dilution. The injector also had an efficiency benefit for the operation: The crew could reload the diverter material in less than 10 minutes between stages, so operations were not interrupted.