ADNOC Offshore's concerns
After decades of production from multiple separate stacked reservoirs, ADNOC Offshore, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company’s dedicated offshore arm, was now injecting water and gas for reservoir stimulation. The long-term field development plan indicated that one of the reservoirs will be depleted by 5,000 psi after 20 years. Such high levels of depletion can result in severe reservoir compaction and pore collapse, leading to a rapid loss in permeability, generation of fines as the byproducts of pore collapse and grain crushing, subsidence, wellbore instability, damage to well completion integrity, and loss of caprock containment. Rock mechanics data was needed to assess the possibility of pore collapse and to prevent and mitigate risks from adverse reservoir compaction.
What Schlumberger recommended
The Schlumberger Reservoir Laboratory in Abu Dhabi recommended a test sequence for evaluating rock failure parameters for representative samples. To better understand the different types of rock failure for field applications, a workflow was proposed to visualize the preproduction state of in situ stress conditions and the possible stress path Ko trajectories of the reservoir from triaxial Ko = 0 to hydrostatic Ko = 1 as a function of reservoir depletion. This display would be used to identify the level of depletion resulting from accelerated compaction (i.e., pore collapse) through laboratory testing.
The tests to be conducted for assessment of reservoir compaction would be uniaxial-strain compression (far-field compaction), triaxial compression (near-wellbore compaction), hydrostatic (definition of the compactant cap), and constant stress-path (fixed Ko, far-field compaction). All of these tests using high-pressure triaxial load frames would be conducted locally in the recently commissioned Abu Dhabi reservoir laboratory.