Shell extends ESP run life by 35% while reducing solids-related shutdowns and improving restarts, Texas

Delaware Basin, Texas, United States, North America, Onshore

Faced with continuing sand damage and downtime for Delaware Basin ESPs, Shell sought to quantify the performance of an alternative sand control system and improve ESP performance. PumpGuard™ intake sand control screen and valve assembly filtered sand and solids, improving ESP uptime and production efficiency compared with conventional desanders.

Improve downhole sand separation

The main objective was to improve downhole sand separation to prolong ESP run life, reduce the number and frequency of workovers, and decrease production deferment, improving cash flow.

Extend ESP lifetime more than with a desander

Shell traditionally used desander tools with six joints of tailpipe and a bull plug in every ESP well as a standard sand mitigation effort. Desanders are installed below the ESP as part of the bottomhole assembly (BHA), and centrifugal action separates solid particles from well fluids and stores them in the tailpipe. When the tailpipe is full, the sand passes through the centrifugal pumps with the well fluid, eroding the ESP pump stages, bearings, and shafts and degrading lift capability. In addition, sand deposition within the pump leads to ESP motor overloading, which damages the electrical integrity of the ESP. When the electrical system fails, Shell must pull the BHA out of the well and replace it with new equipment.

In Shell's experience, the tailpipe fills with sand after about 3 to 6 months of production, causing the ESP to fail soon afterward.

Filter sand and solids before the ESP

The PumpGuard intake sand control screen and valve assembly comprises a 3D filter capable of filtering out particles of 15–600 um and a valve assembly that creates a secondary flow path. A MeshRite™ stainless steel wool screen catches large quantities of sand and solids, including particle sizes much smaller than those separated by the desander. When the screen is plugged, the PumpGuard assembly valve opens to enable unfiltered flow up the screens and into the ESP. The system can handle more sand compared with a desander tailpipe, thus extending ESP run life.

Maintain production and increase run life

Shell ran these pump protection systems with SLB and third-party ESPs. The run life of the ESPs improved by an average of 35%, with constant production volumes and slow drawdowns. In addition, the number of ESP shutdowns related to sand and solids was reduced by more than 90%, improving longevity of electrical components. The success rate of ESP startups after planned and unplanned shutdowns also improved—by 32%.

The increased uptime improved Shell's business performance, even considering the cost of the sand control systems.

The field data enables Shell to select the optimal sand control system, based on value, for ESP wells in fields known for downtime caused by severe sand production.

Graph showing improvement in ESP run life, shutdowns, and restarts using the pump protection system.
The pump protection system improved ESP run life, solids-related shutdowns, and restart performance in five Delaware Basin wells compared with wells using conventional desanders.
ESP intake pressure shows a steady decline with a short bump when the PumpGuard assembly opens.
In one of the five test wells, the ESP intake pressure signature (black) rose suddenly when the MeshRite screen was plugged and the PumpGuard assembly valve opened. This pressure signature enables further improvements in production efficiency by predicting the impending sand-related ESP failure, enabling scheduling of replacement operations.

For more details

Read technical paper SPE-207926.

Products Used