Miocene reservoirs of deepwater Gulf of Mexico (GOM) are often complicated by steep dips close to salt domes and the presence of potential fluid conduits due to faults or fractures. Though essential for sedimentological and structural interpretation, core evaluation is expensive and may not be feasible for the deepwater development projects.
The traditional option
To accurately determine the depositional facies, acquiring high-resolution borehole images from wireline logging was an option in reservoir evaluation workflows to complement seismic imaging for the reservoir description. But in mass-transport complexes where borehole degradation often poses risks for openhole wireline logging, the operator was looking for an alternative while-drilling solution without compromising on image quality.
What Schlumberger recommended
Schlumberger recommended its new TerraSphere service, the industry’s first logging-while-drilling dual-physics imager for all oil-based muds.
It incorporates electromagnetic and ultrasonic measurements that enable high-resolution, multiple borehole images in nonconductive mud. This provides enhanced details for reservoir interpretation that uncover subtle variations in the subsurface.
What TerraSphere service achieved
Side-by-side comparison with wireline logs in the same well showed that TerraSphere service images were significantly higher resolution in the OBM environment than any images provided by previous-generation LWD imagers. This resolution enabled recognition of thin laminated beds, bedding deformation, facies variations, and onset of drilling induced features.