Managed Pressure Drilling Reduces Mud Losses 83%, Increases Production 60% in Carbonate Formation | Schlumberger
Case Study
Location
Onshore
Details

Challenge: Drill multilateral wells through a highly heterogeneous carbonate formation prone to severe lost circulation

Solution: Deploy multiphase managed pressure drilling (MPD) techniques and technologies to control fluid losses, mitigate formation damage and drilling risks, and improve well construction efficiency

Results:

  • Drilled multilateral well with all six planned laterals to TD with no NPT
  • Reduced mud losses from 9,354 m3 to just 1,619 m3
    [330,333.7 ft3 to 57,174.5 ft3]
  • Eliminated the need for lost circulation treatments.
  • Increased well production 60% higher than expected.
  • Reduced well construction time by 30% compared with conventionally drilled offset wells
Products Used

Managed Pressure Drilling Reduces Mud Losses 83%, Increases Production 60% in Carbonate Formation

Integrated, real-time pressure management system reduced well construction time by 30%, eastern Siberia

Severe mud losses hindered drilling operations and production potential

The Yurubcheno-Tokhomskoye oil field is a remote onshore project located in eastern Siberia. Most of the field's oil and gas reserves are found within highly fractured carbonate reservoirs characterized by extreme heterogeneity. The formation contains cavities ranging from microscopic fissures to large, cavernous thief zones that enlarge under high mud column pressure, leading to severe drilling fluid losses, total loss of circulation, kicks, and well control issues.

To continue drilling in these conditions, the operator applied lost circulation material (LCM), specialized pills, and cement bridges. However, in addition to reducing production rates, these interventions dramatically increased well construction time and total well cost. In some wells, the operator was unable to reach planned TD.

Multiphase MPD provided precise downhole pressure control

M-I SWACO, a Schlumberger company, recommended an integrated MPD solution that would mitigate severe fluid losses and reduce the need for lost circulation treatments. An RCD 3 rotating control device system provided a seal between the wellbore and the surface while enabling the pipe to move, rotate, and divert flow as needed. To help control bottomhole pressure, a LOW-PRESSURE AUTOCHOKE precision drilling choke console continually monitored for influxes, enabling surface backpressure in response to dynamic downhole conditions. M-I SWACO incorporated the SUPER MUD/GAS SEPARATOR high-capacity unit to maximize mud/gas separation, which improved circulation rates and safety during underbalanced drilling operations. The CARBONTRACKER gas flow measurement system measured the amount of gas flow coming from the well so the drilling team could determine equivalent circulating density (ECD) and gain a better understanding of well behavior. In addition, M-I SWACO decided to use drilling fluid with a specific gravity of 0.83 instead of 0.97, and a mobile membrane-type nitrogen unit for maximum flexibility and control over ECD.

"Excellent technology implementation and great teamwork allowed us to reach such positive results. During the entire operation, M-I SWACO was focused on reducing drilling time and mud losses, proposing optimizations every time they were needed. We are planning to drill two more multilateral wells with multiphase MPD from Schlumberger in 2018 and 2019."

Denis Ganiev Chief Drilling Engineer

Operator drilled multilateral well to TD with minimal losses and zero NPT

The operator successfully drilled all six planned laterals to TD with no NPT. The combination of nitrogen injection and new procedures for drilling and pulling out of hole reduced mud losses from 9,354 m3 to just 1,619 m3 [330,333.7 ft3 to 57,174.5 ft3]—a decrease of 83%.

The MPD solution also eliminated the need for potentially damaging lost circulation treatments,maintaining the formation's permeability and delivering a production rate 60% higher than predicted. All of these efficiencies helped reduce well construction time by 30% compared with conventional multilateral wells.

Parameters

Conventional Multilateral Well

MPD Multilateral Well

Number of laterals3 of 6 (stopped due to severe mud losses that were increasing with every drilled meter) 6 of 6
Drilled distance, m [ft] 1,485 [4,872]2,571 [8,435]
Mud losses, m3 [ft3]9,354 [330,333.7] 1,619 [57,174.5]
Mud losses per meter [foot] drilled, m3 [ft3]6.3 [67.8] 0.6 [6.46]
Volume of pumped LCM pills, m3 [ft3] 90 [3,178]0 [0]
Total drilling time, days 66 76
The reservoir formation was highly fractured, held cavities, and was extremely prone to swelling under high mud column pressure.
The reservoir formation was highly fractured, held cavities, and was extremely prone to swelling under high mud column pressure.
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In a previous well, the operator was able to drill only three of the six planned laterals due to severe circulation losses. MPD enabled the operator to drill all six planned laterals at an average rate of 34 m/d [111.5 ft/d] with minimal mud losses and zero NPT.
Products Used

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