Predrill modeling to real-time monitoring and updating
During the planning stage, the geomechanics team used high-quality 3D prestack time migration seismic velocity to determine the pore pressure and fracture gradient in a 50-mi2 area. A locally calibrated overburden stress field was derived from density logs, and a velocity-to-effectivestresstransformation was established using detailed analysis of the offset well data. The team then performed a dipping-sand analysis to calculate pressures in three sands at the location of interest.
The team identified the root cause of drilling problems in the area and provided guidelines for the safer mud weight window using Schlumberger DrillMAP drilling planning and management tool.
Schlumberger then acquired real-time measurements for advanced drilling optimization. The acquisition of new data enabled the PERFORM performance through risk management process engineer to monitor the model on the rig in real time and the geomechanics engineers to make daily updates for an improved prediction ahead of the bit.
Drilling success with no NPT
Using the results from the predrill model and the application of real-time monitoring and updating, the 13 5⁄8-in casing depth was successfully extended from 11,200 ft to11,821 ft [3,414 m to 3,603 m], enabling the operator to eliminate the 10 5⁄8-in × 12 1⁄4-in expandable liner in the lower part of the well. The mud weight and casing programs were optimized to avoid well-control and wellbore-instability issues, allowing successful drilling to a TD of 20,500 ft [6,248 m] without nonproductive time.
The real-time sonic measurement and geomechanics monitoring and updating enabled the operator to make informed decisions during the drilling operation and prevent minor problems from becoming catastrophic. As a result, the well was drilled on schedule.