Drilling fluid simulation software
Maximize drilling fluid performance and minimize drilling costs.
An operator in the Middle East was planning to drill an ERD well that would penetrate formations with temperatures that reached 315 degF. The ERD profile was dictated because the subsurface objective was under an urban area. When drilling ERD wells, operators typically face hole-cleaning challenges and the inherent difficulty of transferring weight on bit; the operator also faced additional challenges, including bit balling, wellbore instability, water flow, abrasive formations, and overpressured formations.
To integrate all aspects of the project from planning and engineering to execution and drilling, Schlumberger used state-of-the-art software to engineer well profiles, BHAs, and fluid systems that maximize ROP and minimize risks. The process started with an in-depth offset well analysis and a geomechanics study to identify the safe mud-weight window. Drilling fluids were selected, and drilling loads and conditions were analyzed using torque and drag, hydraulics, and temperature models. Then, risks were identified by geological formation, and relevant prevention and mitigation measures were proposed.
After the planning process, Schlumberger implemented ERD best practices and HT management through the technologies selected for this operation. Using the IDEAS integrated dynamic design and analysis platform and i-DRILL integrated dynamic system analysis service, Schlumberger compared different stabilization options to identify optimal drilling parameters that would increase ROP and minimize vibration to avoid premature BHA damage and failure. This was accomplished by combining a bit-rock cutting model based on extensive laboratory testing with a finite-element analysis of the bit and drillstring.
Although the well profile was designed to avoid possible H2S-bearing formations, the SAFE-SCAV HS brine-soluble hydrogen sulfide scavenger was incorporated in the drilling fluid as an added safety measure. Additionally, VIRTUAL HYDRAULICS drilling fluid simulation software was used daily to simulate hole cleaning and to manage the equivalent circulating density.
PowerDrive vorteX powered rotary steerable system (RSS) was chosen to deliver high ROP in the harsh environment. PowerDrive Orbit rotary steerable system, prepared for HT and abrasion resistance, was used to drill the deep, abrasive HT reservoir interval. The RSSs were paired with StingBlade conical diamond element bits for superior performance in hard formations.
In addition, the following technologies were selected for surface logging services:
This well was the first and the deepest pre-Khuff HT well drilled by the operator. It was delivered in accordance with the planned subsurface targets with no HSE incidents and within the planned time. The operation set a new milestone in the operator's ERD track record and several Schlumberger records, including a Middle East record for the deepest challenging logging conditions and wet latch runs and the highest logging temperature in an ERD well.
Challenge: Drill an onshore extended-reach well in a challenging high-temperature geological environment from a surface location adjacent to an urban area.
Solution: Perform rigorous prejob planning and risk assessment to design an application-specific drilling system that integrates drillbit design, directional drilling, LWD, drilling fluids, surface logging services, and hole-cleaning services and also considers subsequent wireline logging and cementing operations.